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Jean-Paul Sartre

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Biografia de Jean-Paul Sartre,  foi um filósofo, escritor e crítico francês - trabalho escolar realizado no âmbito da disciplina de Inglês (10º ano).


Biography

  • Born in Paris in 1905.sartre1
  • Studied at the “École Normale Supérieure” from 1924 to 1929.
  • French existentialist philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.
  • His father Jean-Baptiste Marie Eymard Sartre.
  • His mother Anne-Marie Schweitzer Sartre.
  • From his childhood to adolescence, Sartre lived a bourgeois life, surrounded by protection.
  • Until his 10 years old he was educated at home by his grandfather.
  • In his childhood he never has contact with other children, so he uses represantation to adults give him attention.
  • In 1917, Sartre has contact with different cultures and leaves his bourgeois life.
  • Musician and talented actor and always willing to participate in games and social events, Sartre became very popular.
  • Students at the school are divided into groups of religious affinities, and political factions: socialists, communists, pacifists…
  • Sartre adheres to the atheist and pacifist.

Jean- Paul Sartre was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism.

Sartre was also noted for his relationship with the feminist author and social theorist Simone de Beauvoir.

He believed that intellectuals must play an active role in society. He was an activist and leftist political.

His father died when Sartre was only a year old, and so he went to live with his grandfather.

In 1939

Sartre back to the French army, serving in World War II as a meteorologist.

In 1945

He creates, with Merleau-Ponty, the magazine “Les Temps Modernes”.

In 1950

Assumed a more active political stance, and embraces communism.

In 1970

Sartre assumes the leadership of the leftist newspaper “La Cause of Peuple”.

In 1940, he is taken prisoner by the Germans and sent to a concentration camp.

Sartre was professor in “Le Havre”.

His first influency as a filosopher was Henri Bergson.

He was professor in Laon until 1944 when he definitely abandoned the teaching profession.

Become an activist then writes his second major philosophical work, La Critique de la raison dialectique.

In 1963 Sartre wrote an autobiographical account.

In 1973 he participates in the foundation of the libertarian newspaper “Libération”.

sartre2

He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature but refused it, saying that he “always declined official honours” and that, "a writer should not allow himself to be turned into an institution”.

He dies on April 15, 1980 at Broussais Hospital (Paris). His funeral was attended by more than 50,000 people. He is buried in Montparnasse Cemetery in Paris. In the same grave lies Simone de Beauvoir.

His work continues to influence fields such as Marxist philosophy, sociology, critical theory and literary. studies.



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